A Complete Guide about Bicycle Frames

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Why The knowledgeĀ of the Frame is Important as Bicycle Rider?

As a bike rider, it is very simple to understand the problem of the cycle-user and fix their Hybrid or MTB Bicycle.Ā But what would youĀ do if someoneĀ shares their issueĀ on-call orĀ they willĀ give you the exact information about the frame defects?Ā So, in that case, you must know the name of the part of the frame to make the job easy.
Bicycle frame different components


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What is a Bicycle Frame?

A Bicycle frame is the main component of a bicycle, onto which wheels and other components are fitted. The modern and most common frame design for an upright bicycle is based on the safety BicycleĀ and consists of two triangles:Ā the main triangle and a paired rear triangle. This is known as the diamond frame.Ā Frames are required to be strong, stiff, and light, which they do by combining different materials and shapes.

What is a Bicycle Frameset?

A frameset consists of the frame and fork of a Bicycle and sometimes includes the headset and seat post. Frame builders will often produce the frame and fork together as a paired set.

What are the Types of Bicycle Frame?

There areĀ several variants and types ofĀ frames all over the world but in India, one of the most popular types is the "Diamond Frame" and notĀ only in India but it's one of the most common frameĀ variants usedĀ all over the world.

Bicycle frame

Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  Ā  DIAMONDĀ FRAME

Besides the ubiquitous diamond frame, many different frame types have been developed for the bicycle, several of which are still in common use today.


This isĀ the important part where we start with the basics of every frame which is made by tubes and thereĀ are variousĀ processesĀ to make them as per the type and requirements of the frame.Ā As I said in the very beginning, the Diamond frame is one of the most popular variants. So, let's take the example of the Diamond frame.

The diamond frame consists of two triangles,Ā the main triangle, and a paired rear triangle. The main triangle consists of the head tube, top tube, down tube, and seat tube. The rear triangle consists of the seat tube, paired chain stays and seat stays.


The head tube contains the headset and the bearings for the fork via its steerer tube. In an integrated headset, cartridge bearings interface directly with the surface on the inside of the head tube, on non-integrated headsets, the bearings (in a cartridge or not) interface with "cups" pressed into the head tube.


In a traditional-geometry diamond frame, the top tube is horizontal (parallel to the ground). In a compact-geometric frame, the top tube is normally sloped downward toward the seat tube for additionalĀ stand-over clearance. In a mountain bike frame, the top tube is almost always sloped downward toward the seat tube. Radically sloped top tubes that compromise the integrity of the traditional diamond frame may require additional gusseting tubes, alternative frame construction, or different materials for equivalent strength.

bicycle frame tubes details


The down tube connects the head tube to the bottom bracket shell. In racing bicycles and some mountain and hybrid bikes, the derailleur cables run along the down tube, or inside the down tube. Older racing bicycles have the shift leversĀ which were mounted on the down tube. In the newer ones, they are mounted with the brake levers on the handlebars.

Bottle cage mounts are also on the down tube, usually on the top side, sometimes also on the bottom side. In addition to bottle cages, small air pumpsĀ can be fitted to these mounts as well.



The seat tube contains the seat postĀ of the bike, which connects to the saddle. The saddle height is adjustable by changing how far theĀ Seat post is inserted into the seat tube. In some bikes, this is achieved using a quick-releaseĀ lever. TheĀ seat post must be inserted at least a certain length; this is marked with a minimum insertion mark.

The seat tube also may have braze-on mounts for a bottle cage or front derailleur.


TheĀ chainstays run parallel to the chain, connecting the bottom bracket shell (which holds the axis around which the pedals and cranks rotate) to the rear fork ends or dropouts. A shorterĀ chainstayĀ generally means that the bike will accelerate faster and be easier to ride uphill, at least while the rider can avoid the front wheel losing contact with the ground.


The seat staysĀ connectedĀ to the top of the seat tube (often at or near the same point as the top tube) to the rear fork dropouts. A traditional frame uses a simple set of paralleled tubes connected by a bridge above the rear wheel. When the rear derailleur cable is routed partially along the top tube, it is also usually routed along with the seat stay.


The bottom bracket shell is a short and large diameter tube, relative to the other tubes in the frame, that runs side to side and holds the bottom bracket. It is usually threaded, often left-hand threaded on the right (drive) side of the bike to prevent loosening by fretting induced precession, and right-hand threaded on the left (non-drive) side. There are many variations, such as an eccentric bottom bracket, which allows for adjustmentĀ intension of the bicycle's chain. It is typically larger, unthreaded, and sometimes split. The chainstays, seat tube, and down tube all typically connect to the bottom bracket shell.


ThereĀ areĀ a lot of Other terms, Types, Materials, and VariantsĀ that you need to explore forĀ this above topic and our team would love to help outĀ allĀ fellow riders and Customers.

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